Volume 53, Issue 2, 2020, Pages 12956-12961

Handling power losses in a DC microgrid through constrained optimization


This paper extends a hierarchical control approach for power balancing in a meshed DC microgrid while minimizing the power losses in the central transmission network. The control strategy is divided into three layers in hierarchical framework: i) the high level solves a continuous-time optimization problem which minimizes the DC-bus power loss and the electricity cost from the external grid power purchase through the combined use of differential flatness with B-splines parametrization; ii) the middle level employs a tracking Model Predictive Control (MPC) method which mitigates the discrepancies among the optimal and the actual profiles; iii) the low level controller handles the switching activity of the converters. The proposed approach is validated in simulation for a specific meshed DC microgrid system.


DC microgrid
Power dissipation
Load balancing
Differential flatness
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