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Drinking water supply in resilient cities: Notes from L'Aquila earthquake case study

Pagano, A; Pluchinotta, I; Giordano, R; Vurro, M; (2017) Drinking water supply in resilient cities: Notes from L'Aquila earthquake case study. Sustainable Cities and Society , 28 pp. 435-449. 10.1016/j.scs.2016.09.005. Green open access

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Abstract

Disasters impacts on urban environment are the result of interactions among natural and human systems, which are intimately linked each other. What is more, cities are directly dependent on infrastructures providing essential services (Lifeline Systems, LS). The operation of LS in ordinary conditions as well as after disasters is crucial. Among the LS, drinking water supply deserves a critical role for citizens. The present work summarizes some preliminary activities related to an ongoing EU funded research project. The main aim of the paper is to define a System Dynamic Model (SDM) to assess the evolution of resilience of a drinking water supply system in case of natural disasters, with particular attention to the role of both ‘structural’ and ‘non-structural’ parameters. Reflections are carried out on L’Aquila (Italy) case study, since drinking water infrastructures were significantly stressed during the 2009 earthquake, causing a limited functionality in the aftermath of the event. Furthermore, the reallocation of citizens in temporary shelters determined a change in the demand pattern, requiring a dynamic adaptation of the infrastructure. Based on an innovative approach to resilience, the model was developed also to simulate different emergency management scenarios, corresponding to different disaster management strategies.

Type: Article
Title: Drinking water supply in resilient cities: Notes from L'Aquila earthquake case study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.scs.2016.09.005
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2016.09.005
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: System dynamic model, Water supply systems, Resilience, TOSE approach, L'Aquila Earthquake
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10103570
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