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Bedside testing of CYP2C19 gene for treatment of patients with PCI with antiplatelet therapy.

Al-Rubaish, AM; Al-Muhanna, FA; Alshehri, AM; Al-Mansori, MA; Alali, RA; Khalil, RM; Al Faraidy, KA; ... Al-Ali, AK; + view all (2020) Bedside testing of CYP2C19 gene for treatment of patients with PCI with antiplatelet therapy. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders , 20 , Article 268. 10.1186/s12872-020-01558-2. Green open access

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BACKGROUND: To mitigate the risk of stent thrombosis, patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are administered dual anti-platelet therapy comprising aspirin and a platelet P2Y12 receptor inhibitor. Clopidogrel is a prodrug requiring activation by the cytochrome P450 enzyme, CYP2C19. In Saudi Arabia, it has been reported that approximately 26% of the population carries CYP2C19*2 and/or *3 loss-of-function polymorphisms in addition to a high prevalence of CVD. METHODS: This prospective (April 2013-December 2020) parallel assignment clinical trial focuses on ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) patient outcomes. The clinical trial includes 1500 STEMI patients from two hospitals in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Patients are assigned to one of two groups; the control arm receives conventional therapy with clopidogrel, while in the active arm the Spartan RX CYP2C19 assay is used to determine the *2 genotype. Carriers of a CYP2C19*2 loss-of-function allele receive prasugrel or ticagrelor, while non-carriers are treated with clopidogrel. Follow-up is one year after primary PCI. The primary end point is the number of patients who develop an adverse major cardiovascular event, including recurrent MI, non-fatal stroke, cardiovascular death, or major bleeding one year after PCI. DISCUSSION: The risk of stent thrombosis in PCI patients is usually reduced by dual anti-platelet therapy, comprising aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor, such as clopidogrel. However, clopidogrel requires activation by the cytochrome P450 enzyme, CYP2C19. Approximately 20% of the population are unable to activate clopidogrel as they possess the CYP2C19*2 loss-of function (LoF) allele. The primary goal of this trial is to study the benefits of treating only those patients that cannot activate clopidogrel with an alternative that has shown to be a more effective platelet inhibitor and does not require bioactivation by the cytochrome P450 enzyme. We expect an improvement in net clinical benefit outcome in the active arm patients, thus supporting pharmacogenetic testing in PCI patients post STEMI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial registration name is "Bedside Testing of CYP2C19 Gene for Treatment of Patients with PCI with Antiplatelet Therapy" (number NCT01823185) retrospectively registered with clinicaltrials.gov on April 4, 2013. This trial is currently at the patient recruitment stage.

Type: Article
Title: Bedside testing of CYP2C19 gene for treatment of patients with PCI with antiplatelet therapy.
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12872-020-01558-2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-020-01558-2
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: Clopidogrel, Ticagrelor, Prasugrel, Platelet aggregation inhibitor, King Fahd hospital, Purinergic P2 receptor antagonists
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10101469
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