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Paradoxical response of intracranial pressure to shunt valve setting adjustments

D'Antona, L; Craven, CL; Merchan, MAJ; Thompson, SD; Bremner, F; Thorne, L; Matharu, M; ... Toma, A; + view all (2020) Paradoxical response of intracranial pressure to shunt valve setting adjustments. Acta Neurochirurgica , 162 pp. 2451-2458. 10.1007/s00701-020-04462-y. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: The hydrodynamics of cerebrospinal fluid shunts have been described in vitro; however, knowledge on the response of intracranial pressure (ICP) to valve settings adjustments in vivo is limited. This study describes the effect of adjusting the shunt valve setting on ICP in a cohort of patients with complex symptom management. Method: Single-centre retrospective observational study. Patients who underwent ICP-guided valve setting adjustments during 24-h continuous ICP monitoring, between 2014 and 2019, were included. Patients with suspected shunt malfunction were excluded. Median night ICP before and after the valve adjustments were compared (Δ night ICP). The responses of ICP to valve adjustment were divided into 3 different groups as follows: expected, paradoxical and no response. The frequency of the paradoxical response and its potential predicting factors were investigated. Results: Fifty-one patients (37 females, 14 males, mean age 38 years) receiving 94 valve setting adjustments met the study inclusion criteria. Patients’ underlying conditions were most commonly hydrocephalus (47%) or idiopathic intracranial hypertension (43%). The response of ICP to valve setting adjustments was classified as ‘expected’ in 54 cases (57%), ‘paradoxical’ in 17 cases (18%) and ‘no effect’ (Δ night ICP < 1 mmHg) in 23 cases (24%). There was a significant correlation between the Δ night ICP and the magnitude of valve setting change in both the investigated valves (Miethke ProGAV, p = 0.01 and Medtronic Strata, p = 0.02). Conclusions: Paradoxical ICP changes can occur after shunt valve setting adjustments. This observation should be taken into account when performing ICP-guided valve adjustments and is highly relevant for the future development of “smart” shunt systems.

Type: Article
Title: Paradoxical response of intracranial pressure to shunt valve setting adjustments
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00701-020-04462-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00701-020-04462-y
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10100533
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