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Prevalence, risk factors and results of intervention among anaemic Iranian children in a low socio-economic community in urban Tehran

Kargarnovin, Zahra; (1998) Prevalence, risk factors and results of intervention among anaemic Iranian children in a low socio-economic community in urban Tehran. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Iron deficiency anaemia among infants and young children is a common problem worldwide. This thesis describes a cross sectional study among 325 children, aged 6-24 months in a low socio-economic community in urban Tehran. Data was collected through questionnaires, physical examination, home visits, and laboratory examination of blood samples. The three objectives were: (1) to assess the prevalence of anaemia in urban children aged 6-24 months, (2) to determine possible risk factors for anaemia, and (3) to compare the effect of daily versus weekly iron supplementation of anaemic children. The results showed: (1) Forty nine percent of children were anaemic at baseline, with the highest prevalence of 77% among infants aged 6-8 months age. (2) Anaemia was associated with many variables including dietary patterns of the children, particularly consumption of tea, and history of previous illness, especially respiratory infection, father's education and income, housing, and maternal status in previous pregnancy. (3)The intervention study showed that after six months of iron supplemention (weekly versus daily) the improvement of in Hb was similar in both groups. This study shows that anaemia of infants and young children is highly prevalent and amenable to intervention in this community.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Prevalence, risk factors and results of intervention among anaemic Iranian children in a low socio-economic community in urban Tehran
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Health and environmental sciences; Anemia; Iran
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10100066
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