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Household demand behaviour: Evidence from Spanish data

Sanchis Llopis, Juan Alberto; (2000) Household demand behaviour: Evidence from Spanish data. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis analyses different aspects of household demand behaviour using Spanish Family Expenditure data. The first chapter studies the problems of zero records associated with microbudget surveys. We focus on the infrequency of purchase problem and extend the existing theoretical and empirical work to panel data for the estimation of a model for clothing consumption. The estimation procedure proposed deals with sample selection problems with panel data. In the second chapter we analyse child effects on household demand patterns. As widely recognised, the arrival of children in a household affects consumption of different goods in different ways. Consumption of certain sorts of goods (e.g. child clothing and food) are likely to increase while other goods (e.g. adult clothing or alcohol) may be little affected. We make use of the theoretical concept of demographic separability and its relation to the equivalence scale, in the way it stands behind the Rothbarth (1943) method, to calculate costs of children for the Spanish economy. As the effects of children on household behaviour may start even before the child is born in the family, in anticipation to this event, and may last for some time after the child has left the household, these effects should be analysed in an intertemporal setting. The arrival of a child influences labour supply and savings plans long time before children arrive. In chapter three we analyse the effects of the arrival of a new child in a household in the surroundings of child birth by using an intertemporal demand setting (the so called Frisch demands). Finally, in chapter four we assess, through microsimulation techniques, the impact of the 1999 income tax reform in Spain, specially focusing on the increase in the children related benefits announced in the reform, and its potential impact to increase the Spanish fertility rate.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Household demand behaviour: Evidence from Spanish data
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Thesis digitised by ProQuest.
Keywords: Social sciences; Household consumption
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10099488
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