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The Light Ray Transform in Stationary and Static Lorentzian Geometries

Feizmohammadi, A; Ilmavirta, J; Oksanen, L; (2020) The Light Ray Transform in Stationary and Static Lorentzian Geometries. The Journal of Geometric Analysis 10.1007/s12220-020-00409-y. Green open access

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Abstract

Given a Lorentzian manifold, the light ray transform of a function is its integrals along null geodesics. This paper is concerned with the injectivity of the light ray transform on functions and tensors, up to the natural gauge for the problem. First, we study the injectivity of the light ray transform of a scalar function on a globally hyperbolic stationary Lorentzian manifold and prove injectivity holds if either a convex foliation condition is satisfied on a Cauchy surface on the manifold or the manifold is real analytic and null geodesics do not have cut points. Next, we consider the light ray transform on tensor fields of arbitrary rank in the more restrictive class of static Lorentzian manifolds and show that if the geodesic ray transform on tensors defined on the spatial part of the manifold is injective up to the natural gauge, then the light ray transform on tensors is also injective up to its natural gauge. Finally, we provide applications of our results to some inverse problems about recovery of coefficients for hyperbolic partial differential equations from boundary data.

Type: Article
Title: The Light Ray Transform in Stationary and Static Lorentzian Geometries
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s12220-020-00409-y
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12220-020-00409-y
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Inverse problems, Light ray transform, Wave equation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10097938
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