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The Dynamics of Legal and illegal Livelihoods and Gender Relations, the Case of Displacement Camps in Khartoum, Sudan

Osman, A; (2015) The Dynamics of Legal and illegal Livelihoods and Gender Relations, the Case of Displacement Camps in Khartoum, Sudan. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Gender and "The Law": Limits, Contestations and Beyond : ICGL'14. (pp. pp. 58-66). London Centre for Social Studies:LCSS Green open access

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Abstract

The Sudanese Islamic patriarchal state has used its power to frame and define the legality of different livelihood strategies and to criminalise those who practice what the state refers to as, illegal livelihood strategies. For example, the Khartoum State Public Order Act (KSPOA), which was introduced in 1996 marginalised women’s role in public life, praised their roles at domestic level and prevented them from working in certain occupations, such as restaurants, hotels and petrol satiations. Based on empirical research data, this paper investigates the patterns of the newly developed livelihoods strategies (legal and illegal) practiced by women and men at the camps and argues that internally displaced women at Al-Salam and Mayo displacement camps in Khartoum were able to develop a wide range of legal and illegal livelihood strategies. To protect their illegal livelihood, women were able to develop risk minimising and protection techniques, such as building personal relations with police officers, who would inform them when and where a kasha (rounding up and arresting) was most likely to happen, thus showing resilience and great ability to cope with the laws that tended to criminalise their livelihood activities On the other hand displaced men seemed less fortunate in developing new livelihood strategies. The paper also highlights the impact of these livelihoods on gender roles and relations by first exploring the ‘adjustment period’ during which gender roles and relations began to change and how men reacted to the change. Second, it highlights men’s roles at the reproductive level, women’s non reproductive roles and women and men community roles.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: The Dynamics of Legal and illegal Livelihoods and Gender Relations, the Case of Displacement Camps in Khartoum, Sudan
Event: International Conference on Gender and "The Law": Limits, Contestations and Beyond
ISBN: 978-0-9570887-3-3
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://socialstudies.org.uk/publications/detail/20...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Law, livelihood, displacement, gender
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10097614
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