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Costs of postoperative morbidity following paediatric cardiac surgery: observational study

Hudson, E; Brown, K; Pagel, C; Wray, J; Barron, D; Rodrigues, W; Stoica, S; ... Morris, S; + view all (2020) Costs of postoperative morbidity following paediatric cardiac surgery: observational study. Archives of Disease in Childhood 10.1136/archdischild-2019-318499. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Early mortality rates for paediatric cardiac surgery have fallen due to advancements in care. Alternative indicators of care quality are needed. Postoperative morbidities are of particular interest. However, while health impacts have been reported, associated costs are unknown. Our objective was to calculate the costs of postoperative morbidities following paediatric cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Two methods of data collection were integrated into the main study: (1) case-matched cohort study of children with and without predetermined morbidities; (2) incidence rates of morbidity, measured prospectively. SETTING: Five specialist paediatric cardiac surgery centres, accounting for half of UK patients. PATIENTS: Cohort study included 666 children (340 with morbidities). Incidence rates were measured in 3090 consecutive procedures. METHODS: Risk-adjusted regression modelling to determine marginal effects of morbidities on per-patient costs. Calculation of costs for hospital providers according to incidence rates. Extrapolation using mandatory audit data to report annual financial burden for the health service. OUTCOME MEASURES: Impact of postoperative morbidities on per-patient costs, hospital costs and UK health service costs. RESULTS: Seven of the 10 morbidity categories resulted in significant costs, with mean (95% CI) additional costs ranging from £7483 (£3-£17 289) to £66 784 (£40 609-£103 539) per patient. On average all morbidities combined increased hospital costs by 22.3%. Total burden to the UK health service exceeded £21 million each year. CONCLUSION: Postoperative morbidities are associated with a significant financial burden. Our findings could aid clinical teams and hospital providers to account for costs and contextualise quality improvement initiatives.

Type: Article
Title: Costs of postoperative morbidity following paediatric cardiac surgery: observational study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2019-318499
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2019-318499
Language: English
Additional information: © Author(s) (or their employer[s]) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Keywords: cardiac surgery, costing, health economics, health service, paediatric surgery
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Applied Health Research
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics > Clinical Operational Research Unit
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10097118
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