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A behaviour change package to prevent hand dermatitis in nurses working in the National Health Service: results of a cluster randomized controlled trial

Madan, I; Parsons, V; Ntani, G; Coggon, D; Wright, A; English, J; McCrone, P; ... Williams, HC; + view all (2020) A behaviour change package to prevent hand dermatitis in nurses working in the National Health Service: results of a cluster randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Dermatology 10.1111/bjd.18862. (In press).

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Occupational hand dermatitis poses a serious risk for nurses. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a complex intervention in reducing the prevalence of hand dermatitis in nurses METHODS: This was a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted at 35 hospital trusts, health boards or universities in the UK. Participants were (i) first-year student nurses with a history of atopic conditions or (ii) intensive care unit (ICU) nurses. Participants at intervention sites received access to a behavioural change programme plus moisturizing creams. Participants at control sites received usual care. The primary outcome was the change of prevalent dermatitis at follow-up (adjusted for baseline dermatitis) in the intervention vs. the control group. Randomization was blinded to everyone bar the trials unit to ensure allocation concealment. The trial was registered on the ISRCTN registry: ISRCTN53303171. RESULTS: Fourteen sites were allocated to the intervention arm and 21 to the control arm. In total 2040 (69·5%) nurses consented to participate and were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. The baseline questionnaire was completed by 1727 (84·7%) participants. Overall, 789 (91·6%) ICU nurses and 938 (84·0%) student nurses returned completed questionnaires. Of these, 994 (57·6%) had photographs taken at baseline and follow-up (12-15 months). When adjusted for baseline prevalence of dermatitis and follow-up interval, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for hand dermatitis at follow-up in the intervention group relative to the controls were 0·72 (0·33-1·55) and 0·62 (0·35-1·10) for student and ICU nurses, respectively. No harms were reported. CONCLUSIONS: There was insufficient evidence to conclude whether our intervention was effective in reducing hand dermatitis in our populations. What is already known about this topics? Nurses are at high risk of developing hand dermatitis. Educational interventions are only partially successful in preventing hand dermatitis in healthcare workers. What does this study add? The nurse participants in our study had a high level of positive beliefs about good hand care; however, this was not translated sufficiently into their behaviours even when they were provided with access to a behavioural change programme and given ready access to hand moisturizers. The behavioural change programme intervention did not have a significant effect on reducing hand dermatitis among at-risk nurses.

Type: Article
Title: A behaviour change package to prevent hand dermatitis in nurses working in the National Health Service: results of a cluster randomized controlled trial
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/bjd.18862
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.18862
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10097097
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