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EZH2 deficient T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is sensitized to CHK1 inhibition through enhanced replication stress

Leon, TE; Rapoz-D'Silva, T; Bertoli, C; Rahman, S; Magnussen, M; Philip, B; Farah, N; ... Mansour, MR; + view all (2020) EZH2 deficient T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is sensitized to CHK1 inhibition through enhanced replication stress. Cancer Discovery , 10 (7) 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-19-0789. Green open access

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Abstract

Loss-of-function mutations of EZH2, the enzymatic component of PRC2, have been associated with poor outcome and chemotherapy resistance in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Using isogenic T-ALL cells, with and without CRISPR/Cas9-induced EZH2-inactivating mutations, we performed a cell-based synthetic lethal drug screen. EZH2 deficient cells exhibited increased sensitivity to structurally diverse inhibitors of CHK1, an interaction that could be validated genetically. Furthermore, small molecule inhibition of CHK1 had efficacy in delaying tumor progression in isogenic EZH2 deficient, but not EZH2 wild-type T-ALL cells in vivo, as well as in a primary cell model of PRC2 mutant ALL. Mechanistically, EZH2 deficiency resulted in a gene expression signature of immature T-ALL cells, marked transcriptional upregulation of MYCN, increased replication stress, and enhanced dependency on CHK1 for cell survival. Lastly, we demonstrate this phenotype is mediated through de-repression of a distal PRC2-regulated MYCN enhancer. In conclusion, we highlight a novel and clinically exploitable pathway in high-risk EZH2 mutated T-ALL.

Type: Article
Title: EZH2 deficient T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is sensitized to CHK1 inhibition through enhanced replication stress
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1158/2159-8290.CD-19-0789
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/2159-8290.CD-19-0789
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Lab for Molecular Cell Bio MRC-UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Cancer Bio
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Oncology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096932
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