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Characteristics of ischaemic stroke associated with COVID-19

Beyrouti, R; Adams, ME; Benjamin, L; Cohen, H; Farmer, SF; Goh, YY; Humphries, F; ... Werring, DJ; + view all (2020) Characteristics of ischaemic stroke associated with COVID-19. [Letter]. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 10.1136/jnnp-2020-323586. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, is associated with coagulopathy causing venous and arterial thrombosis.1 2 Recent data from the pandemic epicentre in Wuhan, China, reported neurological complications in 36% of 214 patients with COVID-19; acute cerebrovascular disease (mainly ischaemic stroke) was more common among 88 patients with severe COVID-19 than those with non-severe disease (5.7% vs 0.8%).3 However, the mechanisms, phenotype and optimal management of ischaemic stroke associated with COVID-19 remain uncertain. We describe the demographic, clinical, radiological and laboratory characteristics of six consecutive patients assessed between 1st and 16th April 2020 at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London, UK, with acute ischaemic stroke and COVID-19 (confirmed by reverse-transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR)) (table 1). All six patients had large vessel occlusion with markedly elevated D-dimer levels (≥1000μg/L). Three patients had multiterritory infarcts, two had concurrent venous thrombosis, and, in two, ischaemic strokes occurred despite therapeutic anticoagulation.

Type: Article
Title: Characteristics of ischaemic stroke associated with COVID-19
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/jnnp-2020-323586
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2020-323586
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: infectious diseases, stroke
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Brain Repair and Rehabilitation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Lab for Molecular Cell Bio MRC-UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096703
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