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Distances for galactic planetary nebulae using mean forbidden [O II] doublet ratio electron densities

KINGSBURGH, RL; BARLOW, MJ; (1992) Distances for galactic planetary nebulae using mean forbidden [O II] doublet ratio electron densities. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , 257 (2) pp. 317-339. 10.1093/mnras/257.2.317. Green open access

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Abstract

We present [O II| 3726, 3729-Å doublet ratios and electron densities for 68 galactic planetary nebulae (PN). For 45 of the objects, the doublet ratios represent integrations over the whole of the nebula. Distances have been derived for the majority of the nebulae, using calibrations recently derived from Magellanic Cloud PN. For PN which are optically thin in the hydrogen Lyman continuum, we have derived distances using a variant of the Shklovsky method (constant ionized hydrogen mass) which uses the mean [O II] electron density and the measured radio flux and which does not require knowledge of the filling factor or nebular angular radius. For PN which are optically thick in the Lyman continuum, the constant Hβ flux method was used to derive distances. The typical [O II] density at the transition point between an optically thick and thin nebula is 4500 cm−3. Since the optically thin and thick methods both over-estimate the distance when applied to inappropriate nebulae, the smaller of the two distance estimates is adopted for each nebula. An extensive comparison is made between the distances derived here and previously published distances and distance scales. It is shown that the present distances, based on Magellanic Cloud calibrations, give consistency with independent distance estimates. They also yield much greater self-consistency between central star masses derived from luminosity versus Teff comparisons on the one hand, and from absolute magnitude versus evolutionary age comparisons on the other hand. For the PN in our sample, rms electron densities, filling factors and absolute radii have also been derived. The derived filling factors are found to decrease with increasing absolute angular radius, but we argue that this effect can be attributed entirely to the effects of measurement uncertainties in the adopted angular radii.

Type: Article
Title: Distances for galactic planetary nebulae using mean forbidden [O II] doublet ratio electron densities
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/257.2.317
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/257.2.317
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: planetary nebulae: general
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096201
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