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Elemental abundances for a sample of southern galctic planetary nebulae

KINGSBURGH, RL; BARLOW, MJ; (1994) Elemental abundances for a sample of southern galctic planetary nebulae. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , 271 (2) pp. 257-299. 10.1093/mnras/271.2.257. Green open access

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We present spectrophotometric observations of a sample of 80 southern galactic planetary nebulae (PN), and derive elemental abundances for 68 objects, supplementing the optical observations with UV data in 25 cases. We define Type I PN as those objects that have experienced envelope-burning conversion to nitrogen of dredgedup primary carbon. Such nebulae are recognised by their having nitrogen abundances that exceed the total C + N abundance of H II regions in the same galaxy. In our own galaxy, this criterion corresponds to N/O > 0.8. In the current sample, 11 nebulae having N/O > 0.8 are thereby classified as Type I. For these Type I PN, no evidence is found for oxygen depletion, compared with non-Type I PN. No trend is found between the N/O and O/H ratios for the entire sample, and the mean O/H ratios for the non-Type I and Type I PN are the same within the errors; O/H=(4.93±2.22)×10−4 by number for 42 non-Type I PN and O/H=(4.42±1.44)×10−4 for 11 Type I PN. Also, no difference is found between the oxygen abundances in the PN in this sample and the oxygen abundances in galactic H II regions. Hence we find no evidence for the ON cycle (which is predicted to operate during the second dredge-up) to have significantly altered the surface abundances of the progenitor stars, even for the Type I PN. The helium abundances derived for the non-Type I PN are in accord with those predicted by Becker&Iben for the first and third dredge-up phases. A comparison between the nitrogen abundances in the PN and the carbon+ nitrogen abundances in galactic H II regions indicates that roughly 36 per cent of the initial carbon is converted into nitrogen in the case of the non-Type I PN, consistent with predictions for the first dredge-up by Becker&Iben. In order to explain the high nitrogen abundances derived for the Type I PN, however, envelope-burning of dredged-up carbon into nitrogen, following the third dredge-up, is definitely required. Total C + N + O abundances are found to be correlated with C/H for the combined nonType I and Type I sample; the carbon has been enhanced by He-burning processed material brought up by the third dredge-up.

Type: Article
Title: Elemental abundances for a sample of southern galctic planetary nebulae
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/271.2.257
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/271.2.257
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: stars: abundances, planetary nebulae: general
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096168
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