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The Dust Disk around the Vega-Excess Star SAO 26804

SKINNER, CJ; SYLVESTER, RJ; GRAHAM, JR; BARLOW, MJ; MEIXNER, M; KETO, E; ARENS, JF; (1995) The Dust Disk around the Vega-Excess Star SAO 26804. Astrophysical Journal , 444 (2) pp. 861-873. 10.1086/175658. Green open access

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Abstract

We present multiwaveband observations of the K2 Vega-excess star SAO 26804 (= HD 233517). These include James Clerk Maxwell Telescope millimeter-wave photometry, plus spectra in the 8-13 microns and 18-24 microns atmospheric windows, an image at a wavelength of 10 microns through a broadband N filter and near-IR (JHKLL'M) photometry all taken at the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope. The source is resolved at 10 microns, and we can confirm with these observations that the IR excess seen in IRAS observations of this source is associated with the optical star. The image is consistent with the dust being confined to a disk with Full Width at Half Maximum (FWHM) 1.5 sec on the major axis, with an inclination angle of less than 30 deg away from edge-on. This represents the first confirmation that the dust in a Vega-excess star other than beta Pic is confined to a disk geometry. We present models of the source which show that many of the properties of the disk and the dust in it are similar to those which we have previously derived for the disk around SAO 179815, but that there are some very small grains in the disk around the star which give around SAO 179815, but that there are some very small grains in the disk around the star which give rise to a very prominent and narrow silicate dust feature at 9.7 microns and to so-called unidentified infrared bands in the 10 micron region. The larger grains are composed of a mixture of amorphous carbon and silicate with an abundance ratio consistent with an interstellar origin. The total mass of dust in the disk is 3.0 x 10-7 solar mass. Finally, our model suggests that there may be a substantial UV and/or soft X-ray flux from SAO 26804, consistent with it being a very young and rather active star.

Type: Article
Title: The Dust Disk around the Vega-Excess Star SAO 26804
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1086/175658
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1086/175658
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096147
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