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H2O from R Cas: ISO LWS-SWS observations and detailed modelling

Truong-Bach; Sylvester, RJ; Barlow, MJ; Nguyen-Q-Rieu; Lim, T; Liu, XW; Baluteau, JP; ... Tielens, AGGM; + view all (1999) H2O from R Cas: ISO LWS-SWS observations and detailed modelling. Astronomy & Astrophysics , 345 (3) pp. 925-935. Green open access

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Abstract

We present 29-197 mu m spectra of the oxygen-rich Mira variable star, R Cas, obtained with the Long- and Short- Wavelength Spectrometers (LWS and SWS) on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO). The LWS grating observations were made during two pulsational stellar phases, phi { ~ } 0.5 and 0.2 in August 1996 and June 1997 when the stellar luminosity was near its minimum and mean values, respectively. The infrared flux at the latter epoch was { ~ } 30-40% stronger than at the former. SWS grating observations were also made in June 1997. The spectrum presents a strong far-infrared (FIR) continuum and is rich in water lines suitable for use as circumstellar diagnostics. We have constructed a circumstellar model which consistently treats radiative transfer, chemical exchanges, photodissociation, and heating and cooling effects. The overall FIR excitation field was scaled by a factor which varied with the stellar phase. By fitting the model to the observed FIR water line fluxes and continuum while adopting the stellar parameters based on the Hipparcos distance we have found a mass-loss rate of dot {M} { ~ } 3.4*E(-7) Msun yr(-1) and a total ortho and para water vapour abundance (relative to {H_2} ) of f { ~ } 1.1x\ex{-5}. The kinetic temperature and the relative abundances of {H2O} , OH, and O in chemical equilibrium have been derived as functions of radial distance r. {H2O} excitation is mainly dominated by FIR emitted by dust grains. The deduced model continuum flux at 29-197 mu m for the phi ~ 0.5 phase was 61% of the flux at phi ~ 0.2. Photodissociation by the FUV interstellar field and CO cooling effects operate farther out than the {H2O} excitation region. Our derived mass-loss rate of R Cas is similar to the value 6x\ex{-7} Msun yr(-1) previously published for WHya, another oxygen-rich AGB star. Based on observations with ISO, an ESA project with instruments funded by ESA Members States (especially the PI countries: France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom) and with the participation of ISAS and NASA.

Type: Article
Title: H2O from R Cas: ISO LWS-SWS observations and detailed modelling
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999A%26A...345....
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Astronomy & Astrophysics, stars : individual : R Cas, stars : mass-loss, stars : abundances, stars : AGB and post-AGB, infrared : stars, molecular processes, MASS-LOSS RATES, OH-IR STARS, CIRCUMSTELLAR ENVELOPES, EVOLVED STARS, CO, EMISSION, LINE, PHOTODISSOCIATION, WATER
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096065
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