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Crystalline silicate dust around evolved stars: I. The sample stars

Molster, FJ; Waters, LBFM; Tielens, AGGM; Barlow, MJ; (2002) Crystalline silicate dust around evolved stars: I. The sample stars. Astronomy & Astrophysics , 382 (1) pp. 184-221. 10.1051/0004-6361:20011550. Green open access

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Abstract

This is the first paper in a series of three where we present the first comprehensive inventory of solid state emission bands observed in a sample of 17 oxygen-rich circumstellar dust shells surrounding evolved stars. The data were taken with the Short and Long Wavelength Spectrographs on board of the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) and cover the 2.4 to 195 μm wavelength range. The spectra show the presence of broad 10 and 18 μm bands that can be attributed to amorphous silicates. In addition, at least 49 narrow bands are found whose position and width indicate they can be attributed to crystalline silicates. Almost all of these bands were not known before ISO. The incredible richness of the crystalline silicate spectra observed by ISO allows detailed studies of the mineralogy of these dust shells, and is a telltale about the origin and evolution of the dust. We have measured the peak positions, widths and strengths of the individual, continuum subtracted bands. Based on these measurements, we were able to order the spectra in sequence of decreasing crystalline silicate band strength. We found that the strength of the emission bands correlates with the geometry of the circumstellar shell, as derived from direct imaging or inferred from the shape of the spectral energy distribution. This naturally divides the sample into objects that show a disk-like geometry (strong crystalline silicate bands), and objects whose dust shell is characteristic of an outflow (weak crystalline silicate bands). All stars with the 33.6 μm forsterite band stronger than 20 percent over continuum are disk sources. We define spectral regions (called complexes) where a concentration of emission bands is evident, at 10, 18, 23, 28, 33, 40 and 60 μm. We derive average shapes for these complexes and compare these to the individual band shapes of the programme stars. In an Appendix, we provide detailed comments on the measured band positions and strengths of individual sources.

Type: Article
Title: Crystalline silicate dust around evolved stars: I. The sample stars
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011550
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20011550
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: infrared: stars / circumstellar matter / stars: AGB and post-AGB / mass loss / Planetary Nebulae: general / dust, extinction
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10096031
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