UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Multi-scale analysis of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Arabian Gulf region

Dalin, C; (2020) Multi-scale analysis of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Arabian Gulf region. Environmental Research Letters , 15 (9) , Article 094024. 10.1088/1748-9326/ab8a86. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Dalin_Siderius_2020_Environ._Res._Lett._15_094024.pdf - Published version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

We quantify the heavily oil-dominated WEF nexus in three Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia) across spatial scales and over time, using available empirical data at the national level, and explore the exposure to nexus stresses (groundwater depletion) in other countries through virtual water trade. At the domestic scale, WEF trade-offs are fairly limited; while all sectors require considerable amounts of energy, the requirements for water and food production are modest compared to other uses. At the international scale, revenues from oil exports in the GCC allow the region to compensate for low food production and scarce water availability. This dependency is dynamic over time, increasing when oil prices are low and food prices are high. We show how reducing domestic trade-offs can lead to higher exposure internationally, with rice imports originating in regions where groundwater is being depleted. However, Saudi Arabia's increased wheat imports, after reversing its food self-sufficiency policy, have had limited effects on groundwater depletion elsewhere. Climate change mitigation links the WEF nexus to the global scale. While there is great uncertainty about future international climate policy, our analysis illustrates how implementation of measures to account for the social costs of carbon would reduce the oil and gas revenues available to import food and desalinate water in the GCC.

Type: Article
Title: Multi-scale analysis of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Arabian Gulf region
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab8a86
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab8a86
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10095547
Downloads since deposit
16Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item