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The Role of Affective Control in Emotion Regulation During Adolescence

Schweizer, S; Gotlib, IH; Blakemore, S-J; (2020) The Role of Affective Control in Emotion Regulation During Adolescence. Emotion , 20 (1) pp. 80-86. 10.1037/emo0000695. Green open access

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Abstract

In this review, we evaluate evidence for the hypothesis that developmental changes in emotion regulation tendencies during adolescence depend on the maturation of affective control. Affective control refers to the application of cognitive control to affective contexts, that is, the capacity to attend and respond to goal-relevant affective information, while inhibiting attention and responses toward distracting affective information. The evidence suggests that affective control develops throughout adolescence into adulthood. However, the developmental trajectory appears not to be uniform across different facets of affective control. In particular, the capacity to inhibit attention and responses to distracting affective information may be reduced during adolescence relative to childhood and adulthood. Focusing on the association between affective control and emotion regulation development in adolescence, the research reviewed supports the notion of affective control as a cognitive building block of successful emotion regulation. Good affective control appears related to fewer ruminative tendencies in adolescence as well as more frequent and successful reappraisal in older adolescents. Lower use of habitual suppression, itself a type of affective inhibition, shows an association with updating capacity. We conclude by discussing the implications of these findings for mental health and the potential mental health benefits associated with improving affective control.

Type: Article
Title: The Role of Affective Control in Emotion Regulation During Adolescence
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1037/emo0000695
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000695
Language: English
Additional information: This article has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s). Author(s) grant(s) the American Psychological Association the exclusive right to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Psychology, Experimental, Psychology, emotion regulation, cognitive control, development, executive functions, affective control, COGNITIVE CONTROL, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS, BRAIN-DEVELOPMENT, REAPPRAISAL, RUMINATION, CHILDREN, AGE, PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, SUPPRESSION
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10095345
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