UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Electrophysiological signatures of English onomatopoeia

Vigliocco, G; Zhang, Y; Del Maschio, N; Todd, R; Tuomainen, J; (2020) Electrophysiological signatures of English onomatopoeia. Language and Cognition , 12 (1) pp. 15-35. 10.1017/langcog.2019.38. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Electrophysiological Signatures of English Onomatopoeia_Resubmission_Revised.pdf - Accepted version

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Onomatopoeia is widespread across the world’s languages. They represent a relatively simple iconic mapping: the phonological/phonetic properties of the word evokes acoustic related features of referents. Here, we explore the EEG correlates of processing onomatopoeia in English. Participants were presented with a written cue-word (e.g., leash) and then with a spoken target-word. The target-word was either an onomatopoeia (e.g., bark), a sound-related but arbitrary word (e.g., melody), or another arbitrary word (e.g., bike). Participants judged whether the cue- and the target-word were similar in meaning. We analysed Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) in different time-windows: (i) early (100–200 and 200–250 ms) to assess differences in processing at the form-level; (ii) the N400 time-window (300–500 ms) in order to establish if there are differences in semantic processing across our word-types; and (iii) late (600–900 ms) to assess post-lexical effects. We found that onomatopoeia differed from the other words in the N400 time-window: when cue and target were unrelated, onomatopoeic words led to greater negativity which can be accounted for in terms of enhanced semantic activation of onomatopoeia which leads to greater salience of the mismatch. We discuss results in the context of a growing body of literature investigating iconicity in language processing and development.

Type: Article
Title: Electrophysiological signatures of English onomatopoeia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/langcog.2019.38
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/langcog.2019.38
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Social Sciences, Linguistics, Language & Linguistics, Psychology, Experimental, Psychology, iconicity, onomatopoeia, EEG, ERP, N400, word processing, MODALITY EXCLUSIVITY NORMS, LARGE SET, SOUND, COMPONENT, CONCRETENESS, ASSOCIATION, ACQUISITION, ICONICITY, PHONOLOGY, RATINGS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10095159
Downloads since deposit
8Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item