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Ex vivo assessment of the optical characteristics of human brain and tumour tissue

Shapey, J; Xie, Y; Nabavi, E; Ebner, M; Maneas, E; Saeed, SR; Dorward, N; ... Vercauteren, T; + view all (2020) Ex vivo assessment of the optical characteristics of human brain and tumour tissue. In: SPIE Proceedings - Label-free Biomedical Imaging and Sensing (LBIS) 2020. (pp. 112510J-112510J). SPIE: San Francisco, CA, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Emerging optical imaging techniques such as hyperspectral imaging (HSI) provide a promising non-invasive solution for intraoperative tissue characterisation with the potential to provide rich tissue-differentiation information over the entire surgical field. Neuro-oncology surgery would especially benefit from detailed real-time in vivo tissue characterisation, improving the accuracy with which boundaries of safe surgical resection are delineated and thereby improving patient outcomes. Current systems are limited by challenges with processing the HSI data because of incomplete characterisation of the optical properties of tissue across the complete visible and near-infrared wavelength spectrum. In this study, we characterised the optical properties of various freshly-excised brain tumours and normal cadaveric human brain tissue using a dual-beam integrating sphere spectrophotometer and the inverse adding-doubling technique. We adapted an integrating sphere to analyse 2 mm-thick tissue samples measuring 4-7 mm in diameter and validated the experimental setup with a tissue-mimicking optical phantom. We investigated the different spectral signatures of freshly-excised tumour tissues including pituitary adenoma, meningioma and vestibular schwannoma and compared these to normal grey and white matter, pons, pituitary, dura and cranial nerve tissues across the wavelength range of 400-1800 nm. It was found that brain and tumour tissues could be differentiated by their optical properties but the freezing process did alter the tissues' relative absorption and reduced scattering coefficients. In this work, we have demonstrated a method to characterise the optical properties of small human brain and tumour specimens that may be used as a reference dataset for developing optical imaging techniques.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Ex vivo assessment of the optical characteristics of human brain and tumour tissue
Event: SPIE BiOS 2020
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1117/12.2545694
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2545694
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > The Ear Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Clinical and Movement Neurosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10095028
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