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Cognitive mechanisms underpinning successful perception of different speech distortions

Kennedy-Higgins, D; Devlin, J; Adank, P; (2020) Cognitive mechanisms underpinning successful perception of different speech distortions. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America , 147 (4) , Article 2728. 10.1121/10.0001160.

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Abstract

Few studies thus far have investigated whether perception of distorted speech is consistent across different types of distortion. This study investigated whether participants show a consistent perceptual profile across three speech distortions: time-compressed, noise-vocoded, and speech in noise. Additionally, this study investigated whether/how individual differences in performance on a battery of audiological and cognitive tasks links to perception. Eighty-eight participants completed a speeded sentence-verification task with increases in accuracy and reductions in response times used to indicate performance. Audiological and cognitive task measures include pure tone audiometry, speech recognition threshold, working memory, vocabulary knowledge, attention switching, and pattern analysis. Despite previous studies suggesting that temporal and spectral/environmental perception require different lexical or phonological mechanisms, this study shows significant positive correlations in accuracy and response time performance across all distortions. Results of a principal component analysis and multiple linear regressions suggest that a component based on vocabulary knowledge and working memory predicted performance in the speech in quiet, time-compressed and speech in noise conditions. These results suggest that listeners employ a similar cognitive strategy to perceive different temporal and spectral/environmental speech distortions and that this mechanism is supported by vocabulary knowledge and working memory.

Type: Article
Title: Cognitive mechanisms underpinning successful perception of different speech distortions
DOI: 10.1121/10.0001160
Publisher version: https://doi.org/ 10.1121/10.0001160
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Experimental Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10094864
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