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Marrow-Infiltrating Regulatory T Cells Correlate with the Presence of Dysfunctional CD4⁺PD-1⁺ Cells and Inferior Survival in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

Alrasheed, N; Lee, L; Ghorani, E; Henry, JY; Conde, L; Chin, M; Galas-Filipowicz, D; ... Yong, KL; + view all (2020) Marrow-Infiltrating Regulatory T Cells Correlate with the Presence of Dysfunctional CD4⁺PD-1⁺ Cells and Inferior Survival in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma. Clinical Cancer Research , 26 (13) pp. 3443-3454. 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-1714. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Immune dysregulation is described in multiple myeloma(MM). While preclinical models suggest a role for altered T cell immunity in disease progression, the contribution of immune dysfunction to clinical outcomes remains unclear. We aimed to characterise marrow infiltrating T cells in newly diagnosed patients and explore associations with outcomes of first line therapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We undertook detailed characterisation of T cells from bone marrow(BM) samples, focusing on immune checkpoints and features of immune dysfunction, correlating with clinical features and progression free survival. RESULTS: We found that patients with MM had greater abundance of BM regulatory T cells (Tregs) which, in turn, expressed higher levels of the activation marker CD25 compared to healthy donors. Patients with a higher frequencies of Tregs (Treghi) had shorter PFS, and a distinct Treg immune checkpoint profile (increased PD-1, LAG-3) compared to Treglopatients. Analysis of CD4 and CD8 effectors revealed that low CD4effector:Treg ratio, and increased frequency of PD-1 expressing CD4effcells were independent predictors of early relapse over and above conventional risk factors such as genetic risk and depth of response. Ex-vivo functional analysis and RNA sequencing revealed that CD4 and CD8 cells from patients with greater abundance of CD4effPD-1+ cells displayed transcriptional and secretory features of dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: BM infiltrating T cell subsets, specifically Treg and PD-1 expressing CD4 effectors, negatively influence clinical outcomes in newly diagnosed patients. Pending confirmation in larger cohorts and further mechanistic work, these immune parameters may inform new risk models, and present potential targets for immunotherapeutic strategies.

Type: Article
Title: Marrow-Infiltrating Regulatory T Cells Correlate with the Presence of Dysfunctional CD4⁺PD-1⁺ Cells and Inferior Survival in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-1714
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-19-1714
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Cancer Bio
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10094462
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