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Ambulatory urodynamic monitoring assessment of dorsal genital nerve stimulation for suppression of involuntary detrusor contractions following spinal cord injury: a pilot study

Doherty, S; Vanhoestenberghe, A; Duffell, L; Hamid, R; Knight, S; (2020) Ambulatory urodynamic monitoring assessment of dorsal genital nerve stimulation for suppression of involuntary detrusor contractions following spinal cord injury: a pilot study. Spinal Cord Series and Cases , 6 , Article 30. 10.1038/s41394-020-0279-4. Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives: To assess the effect of dorsal genital nerve stimulation (DGNS) on urine-storage parameters in participants with spinal cord injury (SCI) and neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) during natural bladder filling. Setting: The London Spinal Cord Injuries Centre at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, UK. Methods: Ambulatory urodynamic monitoring (AUM) was carried out with and without DGNS, before and after a week of using DGNS at home. DGNS was applied on-demand by four participants with bladder sensation, and both continuously and intermittently by one participant with absent sensation. A Wilcoxon sign-rank test was used to test paired results of changes within an AUM session. Results: Urodynamic outcomes were improved using DGNS. Bladder capacity was increased from 244 ± 59 to 346 ± 61 ml (p = 0.0078), a mean change of 46 ± 25%. Maximum detrusor pressure was decreased from 58 ± 18 to 47 ± 18 cmH2O (p = 0.0156), a change of 17 ± 13%, and average peak detrusor pressure was decreased from 56 ± 16 to 31 ± 128 cmH2O (p = 0.0156), a mean reduction of 50 ± 19%. There was an increase in the number of detrusor contractions from the first involuntary detrusor contraction to a strong desire, urgency or incontinence, from 1.5 ± 1.4 to 4.3 ± 1.7, and an increase in time of 23 ± 22 min. There were no changes in baseline outcomes following home use of DGNS. Conclusions: DGNS may be applied on-demand, intermittently or continuously, to increase bladder capacity, decrease storage pressures and provide extra time. Improvements were made in addition to existing antimuscarinic medication regimes.

Type: Article
Title: Ambulatory urodynamic monitoring assessment of dorsal genital nerve stimulation for suppression of involuntary detrusor contractions following spinal cord injury: a pilot study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41394-020-0279-4
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41394-020-0279-4
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10094188
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