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New evidence for the transcontinental spread of early faience

Wang, Y; Rehren, T; Tan, Y; Cong, D; Jia, PW; Henderson, J; Ma, H; ... Chen, K; + view all (2020) New evidence for the transcontinental spread of early faience. Journal of Archaeological Science , 116 , Article 105093. 10.1016/j.jas.2020.105093. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper presents compositional results for six faience beads from Adunqiaolu, an Early Bronze Age site in western Xinjiang, China. It is shown that all analysed samples were made of mixed-alkali flux with sodium oxide 8–10% and potassium oxide 5–9%. The microstructure of samples indicates that cementation glazing was used. The analytical results, together with the typology of the faience beads were then compared with data of Bronze Age faience beads found in Europe and East Asia. There are clear similarities in both typological and technological features. As the earliest faience objects discovered in China so far, the Adunqiaolu beads set an essential starting point for the further discussion on the early exchange network evidenced by faience products and long distance transmission of technologies and knowledge. This observation is of significance for deepening our understanding of prehistoric exchange between West and East across the Eurasian continent by providing another element in addition to metallurgy, cereal crops and herding animals.

Type: Article
Title: New evidence for the transcontinental spread of early faience
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2020.105093
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2020.105093
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Faience, Xinjiang in China, Adunqiaolu, Technology, Cultural exchange
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10094093
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