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Exploring the relationship between age and health conditions using electronic health records: from single diseases to multimorbidities

Kuan Po Ai, Valerie; (2020) Exploring the relationship between age and health conditions using electronic health records: from single diseases to multimorbidities. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Background Two enormous challenges facing healthcare systems are ageing and multimorbidity. Clinicians, policymakers, healthcare providers and researchers need to know “who gets which diseases when” in order to effectively prevent, detect and manage multiple conditions. Identification of ageing-related diseases (ARDs) is a starting point for research into common biological pathways in ageing. Examining multimorbidity clusters can facilitate a shift from the single-disease paradigm that pervades medical research and practice to models which reflect the reality of the patient population. Aim To examine how age influences an individual’s likelihood of developing single and multiple health conditions over the lifecourse. Methods and Outputs I used primary care and hospital admission electronic health records (EHRs) of 3,872,451 individuals from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) linked to the Hospital Episode Statistics admitted patient care (HES-APC) dataset in England from 1 April 2010 to 31 March 2015. In collaboration with Professor Aroon Hingorani, Dr Osman Bhatti, Dr Shanaz Husain, Dr Shailen Sutaria, Professor Dorothea Nitsch, Mrs Melanie Hingorani, Dr Constantinos Parisinos, Dr Tom Lumbers and Dr Reecha Sofat, I derived the case definitions for 308 clinically important health conditions, by harmonising Read, ICD-10 and OPCS-4 codes across primary and secondary care records in England. I calculated the age-specific incidence rate, period prevalence and median age at first recorded diagnosis for these conditions and described the 50 most common diseases in each decade of life. I developed a protocol for identifying ARDs using machine-learning and actuarial techniques. Finally, I identified highly correlated multimorbidity clusters and created a tool to visualise comorbidity clusters using a network approach. Conclusions I have developed case definitions (with a panel of clinicians) and calculated disease frequency estimates for 308 clinically important health conditions in the NHS in England. I have described patterns of ageing and multimorbidity using these case definitions, and produced an online app for interrogating comorbidities for an index condition. This work facilitates future research into ageing pathways and multimorbidity.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Exploring the relationship between age and health conditions using electronic health records: from single diseases to multimorbidities
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > Clinical Epidemiology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10094022
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