UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Decarbonising the UK residential sector: The dependence of national abatement on flexible and local views of the future

Broad, O; Hawker, G; Dodds, PE; (2020) Decarbonising the UK residential sector: The dependence of national abatement on flexible and local views of the future. Energy Policy , 140 , Article 111321. 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111321.

[img] Text
Broad_et_al_manuscript_decarbonising_the_uk_residential_sector_2_review_10.pdf - Accepted version
Access restricted to UCL open access staff until 24 March 2021.

Download (888kB)

Abstract

The UK has some of the worst performing residential buildings in the EU from an energy efficiency perspective. Natural gas remains a dominant feature of existing and new-build housing with strong historical, technical, and social barriers to change. Consequently, the residential sector is responsible for significant shares of national emissions and has a strong role to play under ambitious net zero targets. To assess this role, this work combines long-term system-wide optimisation modelling with heat and electricity network models of representative residential locations. The scenario framework investigates key heating alternatives across futures with dwindling carbon budgets but lower restrictions on residential investment options. Comparing frameworks offers insights into “real life” applicability of technology solutions consistent with system-wide decarbonisation pathways to 2050. Residential sector heat plays an increasing role in lowering emissions as targets tighten. Moving away from natural gas becomes unavoidable and long-term trajectories combine end-use electrification, at household or collective levels, with supply-side decarbonisation. This is preferable to alternative gases that continue to carry uncertain emission impacts, but requires significant local network reinforcement. This could be deferred where technically difficult using near-term hybrid approaches. Enabling this transition will rely on policies that support open and varied technology portfolios.

Type: Article
Title: Decarbonising the UK residential sector: The dependence of national abatement on flexible and local views of the future
DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111321
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111321
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: Energy system modelling, Optimisation, Residential heat, Net zero, Power system, Network model
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093970
Downloads since deposit
1Download
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item