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The force of events: the 'Brexit interval' and popular aspirations for Gibraltarian diplomacy

Dittmer, J; Kunz, S; Cutmore, A; Brigati, L; Buckley, G; Budd, G; Duxfield, I; ... Zhou, F; + view all (2021) The force of events: the 'Brexit interval' and popular aspirations for Gibraltarian diplomacy. Territory, Politics, Governance , 9 (5) pp. 708-724. 10.1080/21622671.2020.1755892. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper highlights both an overreliance on legal perspectives in the study of paradiplomacy at the expense of more dynamic understandings of agency, and also the affective force of waiting and other temporal states on political subject formation. Empirically, it reports the results of a longitudinal study on Gibraltarians’ concerns over the Gibraltar–Spain frontier. By comparing data from two identical surveys conducted a year apart during the period between the Brexit referendum and the (as yet incomplete) legal withdrawal, we trace the force of the incomplete event on political subjectivities. Conceptualizing our findings through assemblage theory and paradiplomacy, we highlight that the intensity of the event has heightened Gibraltarians’ dissatisfaction with their constitutional reliance on the UK to resolve Brexit in a way advantageous for Gibraltar. A minor shift occurred in the year studied towards more agentic proscriptions of what the Government of Gibraltar ought to do to resolve Brexit. Quantitative analysis reveals that younger respondents tend to emphasize this more agentic view, while older respondents tend to advocate further lobbying of the UK or feel Gibraltar has a complete lack of agency. Qualitative analysis of the respondents’ policy proscriptions reveals a complex set of views within each perspective on agency.

Type: Article
Title: The force of events: the 'Brexit interval' and popular aspirations for Gibraltarian diplomacy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/21622671.2020.1755892
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/21622671.2020.1755892
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: paradiplomacy, affect, assemblage, surveys, somatic markers, temporality paradiplomacy, affect, assemblage, surveys, somatic markers, temporality
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Geography
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093846
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