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Electrical and Elastic Properties of Individual Single-Layer Nb₄C₃Tₓ MXene Flakes

Lipatov, A; Alhabeb, M; Lu, H; Zhao, S; Loes, MJ; Vorobeva, NS; Dall'Agnese, Y; ... Sinitskii, A; + view all (2020) Electrical and Elastic Properties of Individual Single-Layer Nb₄C₃Tₓ MXene Flakes. Advanced Electronic Materials , Article 1901382. 10.1002/aelm.201901382. (In press).

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Abstract

2D carbides and nitrides (MXenes) are widely recognized for their exceptional promise for numerous applications. However, physical property measurements of their individual monolayers remain very limited despite their importance for revealing the intrinsic physical properties of MXenes. The first mechanical and electrical measurements of individual single‐layer flakes of Nb4C3Tx MXene, which are prepared via an improved synthetic method are reported. Characterization of field‐effect transistor devices based on individual single‐layer Nb4C3Tx flakes shows an electrical conductivity of 1024 ± 165 S cm−1, which is two orders of magnitude higher than the previously reported values for bulk Nb4C3Tx assemblies, and an electron mobility of 0.41 ± 0.27 cm2 V−1 s−1. Atomic force microscopy nanoindentation measurements of monolayer Nb4C3Tx membranes yield an effective Young's modulus of 386 ± 13 GPa, assuming a membrane thickness of 1.26 nm. This is the highest value reported for nanoindentation measurements of solution‐processable 2D materials, revealing the potential of Nb4C3Tx as a primary component for various mechanical applications. Finally, the agreement between the mechanical properties of 2D Nb4C3Tx MXene and cubic NbC suggests that the extensive experimental data on bulk carbides could be useful for identifying new MXenes with improved functional characteristics.

Type: Article
Title: Electrical and Elastic Properties of Individual Single-Layer Nb₄C₃Tₓ MXene Flakes
DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201901382
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.201901382
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: monolayer materials, niobium carbide, temperature‐dependent resistivity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > MAPS Faculty Office > Institute for Materials Discovery
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093720
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