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An oral delivery system for controlling white spot syndrome virus infection in shrimp using transgenic microalgae

Kiataramgul, A; Maneenin, S; Purton, S; Areechon, N; Hirono, I; Brocklehurst, TW; Unajak, S; (2020) An oral delivery system for controlling white spot syndrome virus infection in shrimp using transgenic microalgae. Aquaculture , 521 , Article 735022. 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735022. Green open access

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Abstract

White spot disease (WSD) is a longstanding and serious viral disease of various shrimp species that has caused high mortality rates for many decades. Currently, there is no practical method to control this disease. Therefore, we have explored the development of a novel vaccine-based method to control this disease using transgenic algae. During infection by white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), the interaction between viral envelope proteins and cell surface protein receptors on target cells is the key step of viral entry and replication. Hence, transgenic lines of the green microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii harbouring a WSSV VP28 viral envelope protein were created as an oral delivery system for vaccinating shrimp. Two separate transplastomic lines containing wild-type and codon optimized gene sequences for VP28 were evaluated for recombinant protein levels. Only the codon optimized line gave rise to detectable VP28 in western blot analysis, which demonstrated that optimization for chloroplast codon bias improved the efficiency of expression and that the gene design produced a favourable RNA secondary structure with suitable free energy for translation. In addition, bile salt and acid tolerance tests demonstrated that this transgenic Chlamydomonas can tolerate mildly acidic (pH 5.0) conditions and 0.30% bile salts. These features indicated that algal cells are suitable for delivering viral antigens through a shrimp's digestive system. In WSSV infection experiments, the highest survival rate (87%) was recorded in shrimps fed with the codon optimized VP28 line mixed into their feed, indicating that this line could be employed in the control of WSSV spread in shrimp populations. This algal strategy offers a new, efficient, fast and less labour-intensive method for the control of other diseases in aquatic animals through oral delivery.

Type: Article
Title: An oral delivery system for controlling white spot syndrome virus infection in shrimp using transgenic microalgae
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.735022
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.73502...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: White spot syndrome virus, Oral delivery system, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Chloroplast genetic engineering, Transgenic algae
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093614
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