UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Deterioration of muscle force and contractile characteristics are early pathological events in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy mice

Gray, AL; Annan, L; Dick, JRT; La Spada, AR; Hanna, MG; Greensmith, L; Malik, B; (2020) Deterioration of muscle force and contractile characteristics are early pathological events in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy mice. Disease Models & Mechanisms 10.1242/dmm.042424. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of dmm.042424.full.pdf]
Preview
Text
dmm.042424.full.pdf - Published version

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), also known as Kennedy's Disease, is a late-onset, X-linked, progressive neuromuscular disease, which predominantly affects males. The pathological hallmarks of the disease are defined by selective loss of spinal and bulbar motor neurons, accompanied by weakness, atrophy and fasciculations of bulbar and limb muscles. SBMA is caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the gene that encodes the androgen receptor (AR) protein. Disease manifestation is androgen dependent and results principally from a toxic gain of AR function. There are currently no effective treatments for this debilitating disease. It is important to understand the course of the disease in order to target therapeutics to key pathological stages. This is especially relevant in disorders such as SBMA, where disease can be identified prior to symptom onset, through family history and genetic testing. To fully characterise the role of muscle in SBMA, we undertook a longitudinal physiological and histological characterisation of disease progression in the AR100 mouse model of SBMA. Our results show that the disease first manifests in skeletal muscle, prior to any motor neuron degeneration, which only occurs in late stage disease. These findings reveal alterations in muscle function, including reduced muscle force and changes in contractile characteristics, are early pathological events in SBMA mice and suggest that muscle-targeted therapeutics may be effective in SBMA.

Type: Article
Title: Deterioration of muscle force and contractile characteristics are early pathological events in spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy mice
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1242/dmm.042424
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1242/dmm.042424
Language: English
Additional information: © 2020. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0).
Keywords: Androgen Receptor, Muscle, Myopathy, Neuromuscular Disease, SBMA, Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093455
Downloads since deposit
15Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item