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Perceptions of dementia amongst the general public across Latin America: a systematic review

Farina, N; Suemoto, CK; Burton, JK; Oliveira, D; Frost, R; (2020) Perceptions of dementia amongst the general public across Latin America: a systematic review. Aging & Mental Health 10.1080/13607863.2020.1725738. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Perceptions of dementia are important determinants of support, treatment and care received in the dementia community. Understanding these perceptions are vital for regions such as Latin America, where there is a rapid increase in people living with dementia. The aim of this study is to review and synthesise the general public’s perceptions of dementia in Latin America, what factors are associated with these perceptions, and how they differ between countries in the region. METHODS: Searches were completed across five databases (Medline, SCOPUS, PsychINFO, SciELO, and WoS). Studies were required to capture attitudes or knowledge of dementia in the general public residing within Latin America. English, Spanish and Portuguese search terms were used. Results were synthesised narratively. RESULTS: About 1574 unique records were identified. Following lateral searches, de-duplication and screening, six articles (four studies) met the inclusion criteria for this review. All the studies were quantitative research from Brazil (median, n = 722). There was evidence of a limited to moderate knowledge of dementia, though a significant minority had negative or stigmatising attitudes. Only higher levels of education were consistently associated with better attitudes and knowledge of dementia in the region. CONCLUSION: There is a need for more in-depth research about attitudes of the general public across Latin America, particularly outside of São Paulo state, Brazil. There appears to be a greater need to raise awareness of dementia amongst less educated Latin American groups

Type: Article
Title: Perceptions of dementia amongst the general public across Latin America: a systematic review
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2020.1725738
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2020.1725738
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisherís terms and conditions
Keywords: Health literacy, dementia literacy, Brazil, knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, adults
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Primary Care and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093425
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