UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Supercritical-flow bedforms, facies, geometry and architecture, Middle Eocene, Ainsa and Jaca basins, Spanish Pyrenees

Cornard, Pauline H; (2020) Supercritical-flow bedforms, facies, geometry and architecture, Middle Eocene, Ainsa and Jaca basins, Spanish Pyrenees. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[thumbnail of Thesis_PhD_Cornard.pdf]
Preview
Text
Thesis_PhD_Cornard.pdf

Download (105MB) | Preview

Abstract

The aim of this PhD is to improve the recognition criteria of supercritical-flow deposits (SFDs) from outcrop and core observations of the Middle Eocene deep-marine sediments of the Ainsa and Jaca basins, to better characterise the architecture of ancient deep-water systems. (1) Based on outcrop observations, six facies associations related to SFDs are defined. These facies associations are binned in two categories. The first group is related to erosional coarse-grained supercritical-flow bedforms, e.g., large- and small-scale cyclic steps. The second group is related to depositional fine-grained supercritical-flow bedforms associated with unstable and stable antidunes and upper-plane beds. (2) Based on 11-months of fieldwork, a hydrodynamic description and interpretation of three contrasting depositional environments in the submarine channel and canyons of the Ainsa Basin is presented, complemented by a hydrodynamic analysis of the correlated submarine lobe-and-related deposits of the Jaca Basin. From this analysis, three parameters are recognised as controlling the distribution of SFDs in a deep-marine system: (i) sandbody confinement, (ii) slope gradient, and (iii) basin geometry. (3) Based on detailed core studies of the Ainsa Basin, three recognition criteria related to SFDs are defined: (i) centimetre-scale scours; (ii) backset lamination, and (iii) planar-parallel lamination. The distribution of SFDs throughout the cores reveals intervals dominated by SFDs separated by intervals with mostly subcritical-flow deposits that can be linked with depositional environments controlled by confinement and slope gradient. This PhD research demonstrates the contribution and value of outcrop and core analyses when linked with observations in modern deep-marine systems, flume-tank experiments and theoretical studies, in understanding flow-processes and deposits, and the evolution of submarine-fan environments. The results of this research should be useful not only for the academic scientific community, but also for the hydrocarbon industry, as it permits the prediction of sedimentological aspects of submarine systems, e.g., the architecture and porosity-permeability relationships.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Supercritical-flow bedforms, facies, geometry and architecture, Middle Eocene, Ainsa and Jaca basins, Spanish Pyrenees
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093386
Downloads since deposit
11Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item