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The Two-Species Model of transketolase explains donor substrate-binding, inhibition and heat-activation

Wilkinson, HC; Dalby, PA; (2020) The Two-Species Model of transketolase explains donor substrate-binding, inhibition and heat-activation. Scientific Reports , 10 , Article 4148. 10.1038/s41598-020-61175-z. Green open access

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Abstract

We recently characterised a low-activity form of E. coli transketolase, TKlow, which also binds the cofactor thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) with an affinity up to two-orders of magnitude lower than the previously known high TPP-affinity and high-activity form, TKhigh, in the presence of Mg2+. We observed previously that partial oxidation was responsible for increased TKhigh activity, while low-activity TKlow was unmodified. In the present study, the fluorescence-based cofactor-binding assay was adapted to detect binding of the β-hydroxypyruvate (HPA) donor substrate to wild-type transketolase and a variant, S385Y/D469T/R520Q, that is active towards aromatic aldehydes. Transketolase HPA affinity again revealed the two distinct forms of transketolase at a TKhigh:TKlow ratio that matched those observed previously via TPP binding to each variant. The HPA dissociation constant of TKlow was comparable to the substrate-inhibition dissociation constant, KiHPA, determined previously. We provide evidence that KiHPA is a convolution of binding to the low-activity TKlow-TKlow dimer, and the TKlow subunit of the partially-active TKhigh-TKlow mixed dimer, where HPA binding to the TKlow subunit of the mixed dimer results in inhibition of the active TKhigh subunit. Heat-activation of transketolase was similarly investigated and found to convert the TKlow subunit of the mixed dimer to have TKhigh-like properties, but without oxidation.

Type: Article
Title: The Two-Species Model of transketolase explains donor substrate-binding, inhibition and heat-activation
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-61175-z
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61175-z
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Biochemical Engineering
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Chemical Engineering
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093296
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