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Myocardial Edema, Myocyte Injury, and Disease Severity in Fabry Disease

Augusto, JB; Nordin, S; Vijapurapu, R; Baig, S; Bulluck, H; Castelletti, S; Alfarih, M; ... Moon, JC; + view all (2020) Myocardial Edema, Myocyte Injury, and Disease Severity in Fabry Disease. Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging , 13 (3) , Article e010171. 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.119.010171. Green open access

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Abstract

Background Cardiovascular magnetic resonance can demonstrate myocardial processes in Fabry disease (FD), such as low native T1 (sphingolipid storage) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE, scar). Recently, high T2 (edema) has been observed in the basal inferolateral wall along with troponin elevation. We hypothesized that edema and myocyte injury would be chronically associated and have electrical, mechanical, and disease associations in FD. Methods A prospective international multicenter study was conducted on 186 consecutive FD patients (45.2±1.1 years, 58% females). Additionally, 28 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, 30 with chronic myocardial infarction and 59 healthy volunteers were included. All study participants underwent comprehensive cardiovascular magnetic resonance with T1 and T2 mapping, cines, and LGE imaging. Results LGE in the basal inferolateral wall in FD had T2 elevation (FD 58.2±5.0 ms versus hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 55.6±4.3 ms, chronic myocardial infarction 53.7±3.4 ms and healthy volunteers 48.9±2.5 ms, P<0.001), but when LGE was present there was also global T2 elevation (53.1±2.9 versus 50.6±2.2 ms, P<0.001). Thirty-eight percent of FD patients had high troponin. The strongest predictor of increased troponin was high basal inferolateral wall T2 (odds ratio, 18.2 [95% CI, 3.7-90.9], P<0.0001). Both T2 and troponin elevations were chronic over 1 year. High basal inferolateral wall T2 was associated with baseline global longitudinal strain impairment (P=0.005) and electrocardiographic abnormalities (long PR, complete bundle branch block, left ventricular hypertrophy voltage criteria, long QTc, and T-wave inversion, all P<0.05) and predicted clinical worsening after 1 year (Fabry stabilization index >20%, P=0.034). Conclusions LGE in Fabry has chronic local T2 elevation that is strongly associated with chronic troponin elevation. In addition, there is slight global T2 elevation. Both are associated with ECG and mechanical changes and clinical worsening over 1 year.

Type: Article
Title: Myocardial Edema, Myocyte Injury, and Disease Severity in Fabry Disease
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.119.010171
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.119.010171
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-CommercialNoDerivs License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited, the use is noncommercial, and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: Fabry disease, edema, healthy volunteers, myocardial infarction, troponin
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093251
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