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Evidence for a role for BK channels in the regulation of ADAM17 activity

Yoshida, M; Willis, D; (2019) Evidence for a role for BK channels in the regulation of ADAM17 activity. BioRxiv: Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

Large-conductance voltage and calcium activated channels, KCa1.1, have a large single conductance (~p250) and are highly selective for potassium ions. As a result they have been termed big potassium channels (BK channels). Because of the channel’s ability to integrate multiple physical and chemical signals they have received much attention in excitable cells. In comparison they have received relatively little attention in non-excitable cells in those of the immune system. Here we report evidence that the BK channel regulates ADAM17 activity. Upon macrophage activation, BK channels translocate to the cell membrane. Genetic or pharmacological inhibition of the cell membrane BK channels resulted in elevated TNF-α release and increased metalloproteinase a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 17 (ADAM17) activity. Inhibitors of BK channels also increased IL-6Rα release, a second ADAM17 substrate. In comparison, a BK channel opener decreases TNF-α release. Taken together, our results demonstrate a novel mechanism by which ion channel regulates ADAM17 activity. Given the broad range of ADAM17 substrates, this finding has implications in many fields of cell biology including immunology, neurology and cancer biology.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: Evidence for a role for BK channels in the regulation of ADAM17 activity
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1101/811000
Language: English
Additional information: The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Neuro, Physiology and Pharmacology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093138
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