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An Examination of Livestock and Wildlife crimes in Agricultural areas of the UK

Delpech, Dorothea; (2020) An Examination of Livestock and Wildlife crimes in Agricultural areas of the UK. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Wildlife crime is receiving increasing international media coverage, with much of the focus on the international Wildlife Trade (IWT) and iconic species (e.g. elephants, tigers and pangolins). Limited research exists on the impact of wildlife crime on native species in the UK. The majority of the UK landscape is categorised as rural and classified as Farmland. To account for the spatial overlap between Livestock and Wildlife, the thesis aimed to assess the incidence of these crime types on farmland in the UK. The thesis presents a multimethod analysis of livestock and wildlife crimes, beginning with a review of the existing research on the most effective prevention methods for crimes against terrestrial (land based) species (TS), which identified an overall dearth of empirical evidence. A victimization survey was then conducted of farmers in the UK. The survey received over 800 responses. Amongst the many survey findings, was the low level of reporting, with over 70% of wildlife crime incidents going unreported to the Police. The survey responses also identified an inverse relationship in the seasonal variation of these crime types. Finally, the thesis assessed Police data for Livestock and Wildlife crimes, between 2010 and 2015 from Dorset constabulary. The Police data was used to assess the seasonal variation in these crime types and identified the need to disaggregate the Police data into crimes involving different species to identify annual trends. Data quality issues associated with the recording of crimes in rural areas were identified and potential solutions for better location recording described. The thesis provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of Livestock and Wildlife crime in the UK, as well as highlighting the numerous avenues for further research.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: An Examination of Livestock and Wildlife crimes in Agricultural areas of the UK
Event: UCL (university College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Security and Crime Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093134
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