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Effect of sternal electrode gap and belt rotation on the robustness of pulmonary electrical impedance tomography parameters

Sophocleous, L; Waldmann, AD; Becher, T; Kallio, M; Rahtu, M; Miedema, M; Papadouri, T; ... Frerichs, I; + view all (2020) Effect of sternal electrode gap and belt rotation on the robustness of pulmonary electrical impedance tomography parameters. Physiological Measurement , 41 (3) , Article 035003. 10.1088/1361-6579/ab7b42. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: Non-adhesive textile electrode belts offer several advantages over adhesive electrodes and are increasingly used in neonatal patients during continuous electrical impedance tomography (EIT) lung monitoring. However, non-adhesive belts may rotate in unsedated patients and discrepancies between chest circumference and belt sizes may result in a gap between electrodes near the sternum. This project aimed to determine the effects of belt rotation and sternal electrode gap on commonly used lung EIT parameters. / Approach: We developed a simulation framework based on a three-dimensional finite-element model and introduced lung regions with little or no ventilation that could be changed according to a decremental positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) trial. Four degrees of sternal gap and belt rotation were simulated and their effect on the EIT parameters silent spaces, centre of ventilation, global inhomogeneity index and overdistension/collapsed lung (OD/CL) analysed. Additionally, seven premature infants were examined to assess the influence of leftward and rightward belt rotations in a clinical setting. / Main results: Small violations of the electrode equidistance criterion and rotations of the belts less than one electrode space exert only minor effects on the EIT parameters and do not impede the interpretation. Rotations of two and three electrode spaces induce non-negligible effects that might lead to flawed interpretations. The "best PEEP" determined with the OD/CL approach was robust and identifiable with all studied sternal gaps and belt rotations. / Significance: We revealed an important challenge for neonatal EIT applications related to a wide electrode gap at the sternum and belt rotation, which should be avoided in clinical application.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of sternal electrode gap and belt rotation on the robustness of pulmonary electrical impedance tomography parameters
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6579/ab7b42
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6579/ab7b42
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: EIT, electrical impedance, electrode rotation, electrode spacing, neonatal lung imaging, positive end-expiratory pressure, respiratory system
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Med Phys and Biomedical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10093131
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