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Effectiveness of an innovative and interactive smoking cessation training module for dental students: A prospective study

Vollath, SE; Bobak, A; Jackson, S; Sennhenn-Kirchner, S; Kanzow, P; Wiegand, A; Raupach, T; (2020) Effectiveness of an innovative and interactive smoking cessation training module for dental students: A prospective study. European Journal of Dental Education 10.1111/eje.12507. (In press).

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the world's major health problems and dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation. However, according to the current literature, neither dental students nor dentists feel adequately prepared to counsel smokers. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a teaching intervention on smoking cessation for fourth-year dental students and assess its effectiveness in terms of learning outcome on knowledge, communication skills and attitudes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective intervention study, students in the intervention group (n = 28) participated in a teaching module consisting of a podcast, an interactive lecture, a seminar, and small-group sessions with role-play interactions. Knowledge, communication skills and attitudes were measured using written examinations and an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) at the end of the module and 6 months later. Results were compared with data from a historical control group (n = 27) receiving standard teaching. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, students in the intervention group had higher scores in the knowledge test (67.1% vs 41.8%; P < .001; d = 2.8) as well as in the OSCE (74.9% vs 44.7%; P < .001; d = 2.3) and also retained more knowledge (52.7% vs 36.5%; P < .001; d = 2.0) and skills (71.8% vs 47.6%; P < .001; d = 2.5) over a period of 6 months. Attitudes were similar across groups and time-points. CONCLUSION: The teaching intervention equipped dental students with specific knowledge and skills required to effectively counsel smoking patients. Further research is required to assess the transfer of these skills to the clinical setting.

Type: Article
Title: Effectiveness of an innovative and interactive smoking cessation training module for dental students: A prospective study
Location: England
DOI: 10.1111/eje.12507
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eje.12507
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: cessation, counselling, dental education, knowledge, practical skills, smoking
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10092996
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