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Native Defects and Their Doping Response in the Lithium Solid Electrolyte Li₇La₃Zr₂O₁₂

Squires, AG; Scanlon, DO; Morgan, BJ; (2020) Native Defects and Their Doping Response in the Lithium Solid Electrolyte Li₇La₃Zr₂O₁₂. Chemistry of Materials , 32 (5) pp. 1876-1886. 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b04319. Green open access

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Abstract

The Li-stuffed garnets LixM2M3′O12 are promising Li-ion solid electrolytes with potential use in solid-state batteries. One strategy for optimizing ionic conductivities in these materials is to tune lithium stoichiometries through aliovalent doping, which is often assumed to produce proportionate numbers of charge-compensating Li vacancies. The native defect chemistry of the Li-stuffed garnets and their response to doping, however, are not well understood, and it is unknown to what degree a simple vacancy-compensation model is valid. Here, we report hybrid density functional theory calculations of a broad range of native defects in the prototypical Li garnet Li7La3Zr2O12. We calculate equilibrium defect concentrations as a function of synthesis conditions and model the response of these defect populations to extrinsic doping. We predict a rich defect chemistry that includes Li and O vacancies and interstitials, and significant numbers of cation-antisite defects. Under reducing conditions, O vacancies act as color centers by trapping electrons. We find that supervalent (donor) doping does not produce charge compensating Li vacancies under all synthesis conditions; under Li-rich/Zr-poor conditions the dominant compensating defects are LiZr antisites, and Li stoichiometries strongly deviate from those predicted by simple “vacancy compensation” models.

Type: Article
Title: Native Defects and Their Doping Response in the Lithium Solid Electrolyte Li₇La₃Zr₂O₁₂
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b04319
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b04319
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Defects in solids, Energy, Defects, Lithium, Doping
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Chemistry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10092931
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