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Effects of Maternal Suicidal Ideation on Child Cognitive Development: A Longitudinal Analysis

Mebrahtu, H; Sherr, L; Simms, V; Weiss, HA; Rehman, AM; Ndlovu, P; Cowan, FM; (2020) Effects of Maternal Suicidal Ideation on Child Cognitive Development: A Longitudinal Analysis. AIDS and Behavior 10.1007/s10461-020-02802-8. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

This study aimed to assess the association between suicidal ideation among mothers living with HIV in Zimbabwe and the cognitive development of their children. Participants were mother–child dyads recruited from two rural districts in Zimbabwe. Data were collected at baseline and 12 months follow-up. Suicidal ideation was assessed using item-10 from the Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. Mixed-effects linear regression was used to assess the association of child cognitive outcomes at follow-up (using the Mullen scales of early learning) with maternal suicidal ideation. Mothers with suicidal ideation at baseline (n = 171) tended to be younger, unmarried, experienced moderate to severe hunger, had elevated parental stress and depression symptoms compared with non-suicidal mothers (n = 391). At follow-up, emerging maternal suicidal ideation was associated with poorer child cognitive outcomes (adjusted mean difference − 6.1; 95% CI − 10.3 to − 1.8; p = 0.03). Suicidal ideation affects child cognitive development and should be addressed, particularly in HIV positive mothers.

Type: Article
Title: Effects of Maternal Suicidal Ideation on Child Cognitive Development: A Longitudinal Analysis
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s10461-020-02802-8
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-020-02802-8
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Maternal mental health, HIV, AIDS, Child development, Suicidal ideation, Africa
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10092797
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