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Chytrid fungi and global amphibian declines

Fisher, MC; Garner, TWJ; (2020) Chytrid fungi and global amphibian declines. Nature Reviews Microbiology , 18 pp. 332-343. 10.1038/s41579-020-0335-x. Green open access

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Abstract

Discovering that chytrid fungi cause chytridiomycosis in amphibians represented a paradigm shift in our understanding of how emerging infectious diseases contribute to global patterns of biodiversity loss. In this Review we describe how the use of multidisciplinary biological approaches has been essential to pinpointing the origins of amphibian-parasitizing chytrid fungi, including Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans, as well as to timing their emergence, tracking their cycles of expansion and identifying the core mechanisms that underpin their pathogenicity. We discuss the development of the experimental methods and bioinformatics toolkits that have provided a fuller understanding of batrachochytrid biology and informed policy and control measures.

Type: Article
Title: Chytrid fungi and global amphibian declines
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/s41579-020-0335-x
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-020-0335-x
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Conservation biology, Fungal ecology, Fungal evolution, Fungal genomics, Fungal pathogenesis, Herpetology, Invasive species
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10092667
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