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Mental health literacy of ADHD, autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder: a cross-cultural investigation

Vovou, F; Hull, L; Petrides, KV; (2020) Mental health literacy of ADHD, autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder: a cross-cultural investigation. Journal of Mental Health 10.1080/09638237.2020.1713999. (In press).

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Abstract

Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) is linked to help-seeking behaviours. Although lay people are not always well aware of mental health conditions, few international campaigns and interventions have been developed to raise awareness across cultures.Aims: To investigate MHL cross-culturally and to identify factors that are associated with MHL.Method: Using an online survey, 506 participants (103 Greek, 108 UK, 146 USA, 149 other nationality) read and labelled five vignettes of individuals with Autism, ADHD, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder and a healthy control. Factors influencing response, confidence and accuracy were compared across all participants, and the effect of various demographics on accurate labelling was compared between countries.Results: Recognition rates were higher than in previous investigations: 75.5% of participants recognised the Healthy vignette, 71.1% ADHD, 61.7% Autism, 56.6% Schizophrenia and 31.6% Bipolar. MHL varied across different countries, with religion, language spoken, and education having the greatest effects. Personal experience of mental illness partially affected MHL.Conclusions: MHL is relatively high for some mental health conditions, but public knowledge of other conditions is still poor. Factors influencing MHL vary across countries.

Type: Article
Title: Mental health literacy of ADHD, autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder: a cross-cultural investigation
Location: England
DOI: 10.1080/09638237.2020.1713999
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/09638237.2020.1713999
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: ADHD, Mental health, autism, bipolar disorder, cross-cultural, mental health literacy, schizophrenia
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10091192
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