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50-GHz Repetition Gain Switching Using A Cavity-enhanced DFB Laser Assisted By Optical Injection Locking

Liu, Z; Matsui, Y; Schatz, R; Khan, F; Kwakernaak, M; Sudo, T; (2020) 50-GHz Repetition Gain Switching Using A Cavity-enhanced DFB Laser Assisted By Optical Injection Locking. Journal of Lightwave Technology 10.1109/jlt.2020.2973198. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

We demonstrate pulse generation at a repetition rate of 50 GHz by gain switching an injection-locked distributed feedback (DFB) laser with large modulation bandwidth (BW). The small-signal BW of the DFB laser was extended from an intrinsic BW of 30 GHz to 52 GHz due to the joint effects of photon-photon resonance (PPR) and detuned-loading, which exploits the frequency-dependent cavity loss to enhance the effective differential gain and thereby the relaxation oscillation frequency. The results show that PPR and detuned-loading effects can also be utilized to improve large signal gain-switching, despite the dynamic changes of the detuned loading condition due to the large signal chirp. By modulating the laser with 50-GHz RF signals, we obtained 50-GHz repetition rate pulses from the gain-switched laser, confirming that the BW enhancement effects are still valid for large-signal modulation. After that, we optically injection lock the gain-switched laser with strong external seeding light, which suppresses the chirp and creates frequency tones with 50 GHz spacing. The optical injection locking (OIL) further improves the large-signal BW, resulting in narrower pulse width. The spectrum of the gain-switched OIL directly modulated laser (OIL-DML) showed three sideband peaks above 70% from the peak (full width half maximum of 130 GHz), and a pulse width of 9.5 ps (6.2 ps after deconvolution) was obtained. The results indicate that the pulse could be compressed to 2.4 ps, assuming linear chirp.

Type: Article
Title: 50-GHz Repetition Gain Switching Using A Cavity-enhanced DFB Laser Assisted By Optical Injection Locking
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/jlt.2020.2973198
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2020.2973198
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Directly Modulated Lasers, Optical Injection Locking, Photon-Photon Resonance, Gain Switching
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10091134
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