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Source Separation in the Presence of Side-information

Sabetsarvestani, Zahra; (2020) Source Separation in the Presence of Side-information. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The source separation problem involves the separation of unknown signals from their mixture. This problem is relevant in a wide range of applications from audio signal processing, communication, biomedical signal processing and art investigation to name a few. There is a vast literature on this problem which is based on either making strong assumption on the source signals or availability of additional data. This thesis proposes new algorithms for source separation with side information where one observes the linear superposition of two source signals plus two additional signals that are correlated with the mixed ones. The first algorithm is based on two ingredients: first, we learn a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) for the joint distribution of a source signal and the corresponding correlated side information signal; second, we separate the signals using standard computationally efficient conditional mean estimators. This also puts forth new recovery guarantees for this source separation algorithm. In particular, under the assumption that the signals can be perfectly described by a GMM model, we characterize necessary and sufficient conditions for reliable source separation in the asymptotic regime of low-noise as a function of the geometry of the underlying signals and their interaction. It is shown that if the subspaces spanned by the innovation components of the source signals with respect to the side information signals have zero intersection, provided that we observe a certain number of linear measurements from the mixture, then we can reliably separate the sources; otherwise we cannot. The second algorithms is based on deep learning where we introduce a novel self-supervised algorithm for the source separation problem. Source separation is intrinsically unsupervised and the lack of training data makes it a difficult task for artificial intelligence to solve. The proposed framework takes advantage of the available data and delivers near perfect separation results in real data scenarios. Our proposed frameworks – which provide new ways to incorporate side information to aid the solution of the source separation problem – are also employed in a real-world art investigation application involving the separation of mixtures of X-Ray images. The simulation results showcase the superiority of our algorithm against other state-of-the-art algorithms.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Source Separation in the Presence of Side-information
Event: UCL
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2020. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090862
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