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Determining the three-dimensional structure of a volcanic plume using Unoccupied Aerial System (UAS) imagery

Wood, K; Albadra, A; Berthoud, L; Calway, A; Watson, M; Thomas, H; Richardson, T; ... Chigna, G; + view all (2019) Determining the three-dimensional structure of a volcanic plume using Unoccupied Aerial System (UAS) imagery. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research , Article 106731. 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.106731. Green open access

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Abstract

This study presents a photogrammetric method for 3D reconstruction of a volcanic plume outline to retrieve its spatial properties. A dataset of sequential multi-view images was collected, using a drone-mounted camera, for a small-scale volcanic plume emitted from Volcán Pacaya, Guatemala. A ‘Space Carving’ algorithm has been applied to estimate the plume shape, top height, volume and drift direction. The complete method workflow is presented herein, including data capture, camera projection, image segmentation, and model reconstruction. The process applied is considered the simplest approach to reconstruct a 3D plume model from sequential imagery, whilst accounting for scene evolution within a probabilistic framework. The algorithm is sensitive to the method of image segmentation, scene resolution and number of images used, with unquantifiable uncertainty in the estimated plume volume due to the lack of ground-truth data. This proof-of-concept investigation confirms that 3D quantification of volcanic plume geometry can be achieved using UAS-based photogrammetry and shows promising results for a new method of measuring volcanic source parameters to validate and adjust dispersion models of volcanic plumes.

Type: Article
Title: Determining the three-dimensional structure of a volcanic plume using Unoccupied Aerial System (UAS) imagery
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.106731
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2019.106731
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: 3D image reconstruction, Volcanic plume, Space carving, UAS-based photogrammetry, Source parameters
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Earth Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090820
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