UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Impact of Changes to National Hypertension Guidelines on Hypertension Management and Outcomes in the United Kingdom

Lay-Flurrie, SL; Sheppard, JP; Stevens, RJ; Mallen, C; Heneghan, C; Hobbs, FDR; Williams, B; ... McManus, RJ; + view all (2020) Impact of Changes to National Hypertension Guidelines on Hypertension Management and Outcomes in the United Kingdom. Hypertension , 75 (2) pp. 356-364. 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13926. Green open access

[thumbnail of HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13926.pdf]
Preview
Text
HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13926.pdf - Published Version

Download (819kB) | Preview

Abstract

In recent years, national and international guidelines have recommended the use of out-of-office blood pressure monitoring for diagnosing hypertension. Despite evidence of cost-effectiveness, critics expressed concerns this would increase cardiovascular morbidity. We assessed the impact of these changes on the incidence of hypertension, out-of-office monitoring and cardiovascular morbidity using routine clinical data from English general practices, linked to inpatient hospital, mortality, and socio-economic status data. We studied 3 937 191 adults with median follow-up of 4.2 years (49% men, mean age=39.7 years) between April 1, 2006 and March 31, 2017. Interrupted time series analysis was used to examine the impact of changes to English hypertension guidelines in 2011 on incidence of hypertension (primary outcome). Secondary outcomes included rate of out-of-office monitoring and cardiovascular events. Across the study period, incidence of hypertension fell from 2.1 to 1.4 per 100 person-years. The change in guidance in 2011 was not associated with an immediate change in incidence (change in rate=0.01 [95% CI, -0.18-0.20]) but did result in a leveling out of the downward trend (change in yearly trend =0.09 [95% CI, 0.04-0.15]). Ambulatory monitoring increased significantly in 2011/2012 (change in rate =0.52 [95% CI, 0.43-0.60]). The rate of cardiovascular events remained unchanged (change in rate =-0.02 [95% CI, -0.05-0.02]). In summary, changes to hypertension guidelines in 2011 were associated with a stabilisation in incidence and no increase in cardiovascular events. Guidelines should continue to recommend out-of-office monitoring for diagnosis of hypertension.

Type: Article
Title: Impact of Changes to National Hypertension Guidelines on Hypertension Management and Outcomes in the United Kingdom
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.13926
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.119.1392...
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 The Authors. Hypertension is published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: blood pressure, general practice, hypertension, myocardial infarction, practice guideline
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090676
Downloads since deposit
33Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item