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Cyberbullying and Children and Young People's Mental Health: A Systematic Map of Systematic Reviews

Kwan, I; Dickson, K; Richardson, M; MacDowall, W; Burchett, H; Stansfield, C; Brunton, G; ... Thomas, J; + view all (2020) Cyberbullying and Children and Young People's Mental Health: A Systematic Map of Systematic Reviews. CyberPsychology, Behavior and Social Networking 10.1089/cyber.2019.0370. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Cyberbullying is associated with considerable negative mental and psychosocial consequences in children and young people, making it a serious public health concern. To review the highest level of available evidence, a systematic mapping review was conducted to identify systematic reviews that investigated the relationship between cyberbullying and mental and psychological outcomes in young people. Topic-relevant bibliographic databases and online resources were searched to identify reviews published since 2007. Data were extracted using a coding tool developed for this study. Methodological quality of included reviews was assessed using AMSTAR criteria. Nineteen systematic reviews satisfied the inclusion criteria and they reported a strong negative association between cyberbullying and mental health outcomes in young people. Meta-analysis was performed in 11 reviews and narrative synthesis in 8 reviews. Data were derived from predominantly cross-sectional studies and a clear causal relationship between cyberbullying and mental outcomes cannot be established. Two-third of the included reviews were classified to be of low or unclear quality, due to the lack of quality assessment of the primary studies included in individual reviews. This systematic map consolidates available evidence at review level and confirms the existing gaps in longitudinal and qualitative evidence synthesis. Closer examination of the moderating factors influencing cyberbullying behaviors in future research can advance our understanding and inform the development of tailored programs of intervention to mitigate the negative impact of this phenomenon.

Type: Article
Title: Cyberbullying and Children and Young People's Mental Health: A Systematic Map of Systematic Reviews
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2019.0370
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2019.0370
Language: English
Additional information: This Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: cyberbullying, children and adolescence, mental health effects, psychosocial well-being, systematic map
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Research Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090647
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