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Neighbourhood deprivation and child behaviour across childhood and adolescence

Flouri, E; Midouhas, E; Francesconi, M; (2019) Neighbourhood deprivation and child behaviour across childhood and adolescence. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies 10.1332/175795919x15722477076216. Green open access

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Abstract

Children living in deprived areas tend to show greater problem behaviour relative to children in more advantaged areas. We explored the effect of different forms of area deprivation (such as income, education and health) on the development of child problem behaviour (emotional and behavioural problems) from early childhood to middle adolescence. Using data from the Millennium Cohort Study, we modelled trajectories of child problem behaviour depending on the level of deprivation in the neighbourhood, across ages 3 to 14 years, in England (n = 6,127). We explored seven types of social, economic and environmental deprivation in small standard areas, using the Index of Multiple Deprivation. Child problem behaviour was measured with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Most types of deprivation were moderately predictive of child problem behaviour at around age eight (where we set the intercept), when explored in separate models, even after adjustments to reduce area selection bias. However, they were not related to longitudinal changes in problem behaviour. Socio-economic aspects of area deprivation – education, income and employment – were most consistently related to child problem behaviour – and were robust to adjustments for other domains of area deprivation including crime and living environment.

Type: Article
Title: Neighbourhood deprivation and child behaviour across childhood and adolescence
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1332/175795919x15722477076216
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1332/175795919x15722477076216
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: IMD indexes of neighbourhood deprivation; Millennium Cohort Study; area effects; child behaviour; multilevel modelling
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Psychology and Human Development
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090573
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