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Prevalence and clinical significance of red flags in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Limongelli, G; Monda, E; Tramonte, S; Gragnano, F; Masarone, D; Frisso, G; Esposito, A; ... Pacileo, G; + view all (2020) Prevalence and clinical significance of red flags in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. International Journal of Cardiology , 299 pp. 186-191. 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.073. Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction: We sought to determine prevalence and predictive accuracy of clinical markers (red flags, RF), known to be associated with specific systemic disease in a consecutive cohort of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). / Methods: We studied 129 consecutive patients (23.7 ± 20.9 years, range 0–74 years; male/female 68%/32%). Pre-specified RF were categorized into five domains: family history; signs/symptoms; electrocardiography; imaging; and laboratory. Sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), negative predictive value (NPV), positive predictive value (PPV), and predictive accuracy of RF were analyzed in the genotyped population. / Results: In the overall cohort of 129 patients, 169 RF were identified in 62 patients (48%). Prevalence of RF was higher in infants (78%) and in adults >55 years old (58%). Following targeted genetic and clinical evaluation, 94 patients (74%) had a definite diagnosis (sarcomeric HCM or specific causes of HCM). We observed 14 RF in 13 patients (21%) with sarcomeric gene disease, 129 RF in 34 patients (97%) with other specific causes of HCM, and 26 RF in 15 patients (45%) with idiopathic HCM (p < 0.0001). Non-sarcomeric causes of HCM were the most prevalent in ages <1yo and > 55yo. Se, Sp, PPV, NPV and PA of RF were 97%, 70%, 55%, 98% and 77%, respectively. Single and clinical combination of RF (clusters) had an high specificity, NPV and predictive accuracy for the specific etiologies (syndromes/metabolic/infiltrative disorders associated with HCM). / Conclusions: An extensive diagnostic work up, focused on analysis of specific diagnostic RF in patients with unexplained LVH facilitates a clinical diagnosis in 74% of patients with HCM.

Type: Article
Title: Prevalence and clinical significance of red flags in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.073
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.06.073
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090470
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